Contents

- 1 How are quantum algorithms used in machine learning?
- 2 How is quantum computing related to artificial intelligence?
- 3 Is there a generative algorithm for machine learning?
- 4 How is quantum speedup used in machine learning?
- 5 How are convolutional neural networks used in image classification?
- 6 How is a convolution product applied in a layer?
- 7 How are parameters updated in a quantum circuit?
- 8 Are there different types of variational quantum circuits?

## How are quantum algorithms used in machine learning?

There are several basic quantum algorithms that are used as building blocks for long term quantum machine learning (QML). These would be algorithms for finding the eigenvectors of a matrix, performing matrix multiplication or inverting a matrix, estimating the inner product or the distance between two vectors.

Quantum computing and artificial intelligence, combined together, may revolutionize future technologies. A significant school of thought regarding artificial intelligence is based on generative models. Here, we propose a general quantum algorithm for machine learning based on a quantum generative model.

## Is there a generative algorithm for machine learning?

Here, we propose a generative quantum machine learning algorithm that offers potential exponential improvement on three key elements of the generative models, that is, the representational power, and the runtimes for learning and inference.

## How is quantum speedup used in machine learning?

The intuition for quantum speedup in our algorithm can be understood as follows: The purpose of generative machine learning is to model any data generation process in nature by finding the underlying probability distribution.

Quantum Machine Learning (QML) aims to encode vectors using quantum systems and learn about them with new quantum algorithms. A key concept is that using quantum superposition on many vectors, we can process them simultaneously. Google’s quantum computer recently achieved “Quantum Supremacy”.

## How are convolutional neural networks used in image classification?

Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) are a popular and efficient type of Neural Networks for image classification, signal processing and so on. In most layers, a convolution product is applied on an input, seen as an image or a tensor. It is often followed by a non linearity and pooling layers.

## How is a convolution product applied in a layer?

In most layers, a convolution product is applied on an input, seen as an image or a tensor. It is often followed by a non linearity and pooling layers. There are plenty of tutorials online if you’re not familiar with them, and in particular this technical introduction.

Quantum machine learning is the integration of quantum algorithms within machine learning programs. There are multiple algorithms for classification in Classical machine learning that include Logistic Regression, Decision Tree Learning, K-Nearest Neighbours, Support Vector Machines and Neural Network based classifiers.

## How are parameters updated in a quantum circuit?

Classical optimization loop. The parameters of the quantum variational circuit are updated using a classical optimization routine once the measurements are ready. This is the classical loop that trains our parameters until the cost function’s value decreases. [Loss Landscape of a model.]

## Are there different types of variational quantum circuits?

Building variational circuits with such conflicting properties, similar to the study on quantum feature maps, is an active field of research. There are multiple types of Variational Circuits available that can also be customized.